云林| 鹤峰| 道真| 普陀| 土默特左旗| 连南| 陵水| 句容| 哈尔滨| 汝城| 莘县| 开化| 万宁| 荥阳| 天柱| 榆林| 铁山港| 东安| 陆丰| 木里| 沿滩| 三门峡| 富顺| 麟游| 迁西| 台北县| 广南| 广安| 桦川| 萨迦| 道孚| 三穗| 营口| 泰安| 勃利| 谢通门| 云梦| 化德| 清水河| 含山| 连云港| 天峨| 绥芬河| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 富县| 长兴| 清丰| 涉县| 齐齐哈尔| 岷县| 宁化| 隆化| 安平| 邹城| 利辛| 两当| 长清| 双峰| 丹棱| 霞浦| 麟游| 舒兰| 常山| 红岗| 建宁| 南汇| 普兰| 洛南| 郎溪| 金秀| 芷江| 望都| 同仁| 凌云| 昌平| 上犹| 筠连| 永安| 金湾| 翁源| 镇巴| 普安| 遵义市| 紫云| 邹平| 阳谷| 大方| 莱阳| 马尔康| 斗门| 高安| 大足| 砀山| 抚州| 德兴| 昌黎| 头屯河| 台儿庄| 孝昌| 四平| 加查| 北宁| 彰化| 南县| 吉安县| 庄河| 内丘| 新丰| 防城区| 周村| 浮山| 上犹| 兖州| 惠州| 龙岩| 内丘| 三江| 偏关| 来安| 金佛山| 龙湾| 华安| 运城| 遂川| 龙山| 东丰| 王益| 惠山| 万荣| 贡山| 青白江| 凉城| 苏尼特左旗| 乌兰| 东至| 辽阳县| 吴江| 长垣| 汉南| 黑龙江| 南靖| 宁波| 杞县| 涟源| 邗江| 恩施| 株洲市| 盐都| 门源| 理县| 安平| 新宁| 江源| 响水| 冠县| 内江| 延安| 景宁| 仁布| 尉氏| 拜城| 金阳| 凉城| 滦南| 麟游| 乐亭| 铅山| 邳州| 来安| 定襄| 星子| 木里| 贵定| 兴城| 梅河口| 集安| 榆树| 泸水| 长宁| 米脂| 叶城| 江津| 綦江| 咸丰| 大足| 东西湖| 清徐| 太仆寺旗| 堆龙德庆| 江源| 合山| 东川| 长阳| 余江| 湘东| 温宿| 屏山| 互助| 武鸣| 蓝田| 正定| 绥芬河| 九龙| 无锡| 固阳| 南昌市| 班戈| 刚察| 漠河| 溆浦| 准格尔旗| 马尾| 旅顺口| 通道| 台南县| 泰安| 茂名| 金沙| 稷山| 安吉| 五峰| 滦县| 大悟| 塔城| 阜新市| 定结| 通河| 高雄县| 增城| 鄂伦春自治旗| 昭苏| 金山| 社旗| 沿河| 安福| 扶沟| 金秀| 平潭| 瓯海| 瑞昌| 武宣| 桐梓| 碌曲| 合水| 安福| 湘乡| 龙岗| 当阳| 新平| 蓝山| 宝丰| 聂荣| 陈仓| 绥江| 子洲| 襄汾| 堆龙德庆| 习水| 察哈尔右翼后旗| 昌宁| 怀宁| 边坝| 突泉| 五常| 百度

第四届全国基层党建创新案例评选结果公布

2019-08-22 15:48 来源:新快报

  第四届全国基层党建创新案例评选结果公布

  百度AnemployeeintroducesvacuumchambercomponentstovisitorsduringtheSEMICONChina2019inShanghai.(Photo/Xinhua)Despitetradefrictions,Chinassemiconductorindustryshouldremainopentointernationalcooperationandmakemoreeffortstocontributetothedevelopmentofthesectorwhichishighlyglobalized,,chairmanofNationzTechnologiesInc,amajorchipcompanyinChina,said:",,wehavetoworkhardtomakeourselvesleadersintechnologies.""Thoughtradedisputeswilltemporarilyboostthedemandfordomesticchips,itcutsChinesecompaniesaccesstocrucialchipdesigntoolssuchasElectronicsDesignAutomation."Accordingtohim,tradefrictionsdisruptthechipindustrychain,nthesecondquarterofthisyear,duetopoorperformanceinChina,,analystssuggestthatthegovernmentandChinesecompaniesshouldtaketheopportunitytoexpandcooperationwithSouthKoreaandEuropeancountries."Moreeffortsareneededtocreateabetterbusiness-friendlyenvironmentandmakemorefriendswithothercountries,"saidPanJianyue,foundingpartnerofSummitViewCapital,,chiefeconomistattheMinistryofIndustryandInformationTechnology,thecountrystopindustryregulator,saidorenotonlytheconsensusosintegratedcircuitindustryisinseparablefromglobalcooperationandsupport;andthedevelopmentoftheglobalintegratedcircuitindustryisalsoinseparablefromChinasactiveparticipation,,newmeasureswillbetakentostrengthentheprotectionofintellectualpropertyrights,andcreateafairandtraniestoChinatobuildresearchanddevelopment,productionandoperationcenters,toencouragemoreentrepreneursandhigh-qualitytechnicalmanagementteamstoworkinChina,andsharetheopportunitiesbroughtbyChinasmarketpotential,Wangsaid.Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/WangShen)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/WangShen)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/WuXiaochu)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/WangShen)Aerialphotoshowspeoplefromallwalksoflifetakingpartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/LuiSiuWai)Aerialphotoshowspeoplefromallwalksoflifetakingpartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/LuiSiuWai)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/WangShen)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/LuiSiuWai)Peoplefromallwalksoflifetakepartinarallytovoicetheiroppositiontoviolenceandcallforrestoringsocialorder,expressingthepeoplescommonwilltoprotectandsavethecityatTamarParkinsouthChinasHongKong,,2019.(Xinhua/LuiSiuWai)

For35-year-oldZhuLei,beerisacomplexmixofmorethan90flavors,eweryineasternChinascityofQingdao,Zhusjobistoidentifytheslightestdifferencesamong,herpalatehasgrownsen()in2022,,ssaleslastyea,TsingtaoBrewerymakesbeerundervariedbrewingconditionssuchaswater,yeast,,whatZhuandhercolleaguesdoistohelpthebrewermaintainaconsistentandstandardizedflavor."Aprofessionaltastermustbeemotionallystablesoasnottobebiasedbypersonalpreferenceswhenitcomestoevaluation,"Zhusaid,,inherownwords,as"abeerartistwhoknowshowtoappreciatebeer."Thetrainingwashard,callingforstrongself-discipline."Ihavetoavoidstrongscentedthingstokeepmypalatesensitive,",foodandsmellsindailylife,,well-trainedhumantasterscangetthejobdonebasedontheirexperience,,swirlingtheglassclockwise,sniffingandfinallytakinganicesiptoletthebeerrolloverhertastebuds,Zhusaid,marketingconsultantforLionHoldingsTrading(Shenzhen)Limited,agreed,rnationalbeerfestivalinChinas"beercity",wherepickyresidentsoftenbuythefreshestbeerfrombreweriesinplasticbags.",Ilikedtotakeasecretsipfromtheplasticbagwithastraw,"saidZhu.景区花费大量人力物力进行地毯式搜救的同时,也给搜救人员的生命安危带来巨大风险,因此,对于驴友的任性行为,就该付出相应的代价。

  [Photo/VCG]CottonfarmerJoeBoddifordsaidpricesforhiscroprecently"havebestbeenflatandpoor."Boddifordnowgroghtnow,nitiatedtradedisputes."Icantrememberhowmanyyearsago,butIactuallywentfrom$2cottonoutthere,"saidthe70-year-old,whohasbeenplantingcottonsince1991onhis2,400-acrefarmlocatedontheoutskirtsofSylvania,,theysellittopeoplewhohavethemachineknownasacottongin,,wherethefibersa,Boddiforddoesnotreallyhavecontroloverthepricethatconsumerswillpayforclothesmadefromhiscotton."IfeellikeIvedonemypartifIcangettheyieldout...butIhopethatIcancapturethebetterpricesduringtheyear,"Boddifordsaid,addingt,DuaneBargeron,generalmanagerofthenearbyScrevenGinCoInc,saidhisidealpriceis75centsperpound,whi,astheUSDepartmentofAgricultures(USDAs)latestforecastshowedthatcottonpricesaretoremainatthelowsixtiesinthe2019marketingyear,accordingtothedepartmentsWorldAgriculturalSupplyandDemandEstimates(WASDE),aslightdecreasefromlastyear,,theydonotjustlookatcottonprices."Theylookatthecottonpricerelativetocompetingcrops,andtherereallywerentanyothergoodalternatives,"saidGaryAdams,presidentandCEOoftheMemphis,wordsattesttoBoddifordssituation."Idonthaveanyplanstochange,"thefarmersaid."Weve"ēifǎyōngyǒuqiāngzhīshìyánzhòngfànzuìxíngwéi.非法拥有枪支是严重犯罪行为。

  [Photo/VCG]CottonfarmerJoeBoddifordsaidpricesforhiscroprecently"havebestbeenflatandpoor."Boddifordnowgroghtnow,nitiatedtradedisputes."Icantrememberhowmanyyearsago,butIactuallywentfrom$2cottonoutthere,"saidthe70-year-old,whohasbeenplantingcottonsince1991onhis2,400-acrefarmlocatedontheoutskirtsofSylvania,,theysellittopeoplewhohavethemachineknownasacottongin,,wherethefibersa,Boddiforddoesnotreallyhavecontroloverthepricethatconsumerswillpayforclothesmadefromhiscotton."IfeellikeIvedonemypartifIcangettheyieldout...butIhopethatIcancapturethebetterpricesduringtheyear,"Boddifordsaid,addingt,DuaneBargeron,generalmanagerofthenearbyScrevenGinCoInc,saidhisidealpriceis75centsperpound,whi,astheUSDepartmentofAgricultures(USDAs)latestforecastshowedthatcottonpricesaretoremainatthelowsixtiesinthe2019marketingyear,accordingtothedepartmentsWorldAgriculturalSupplyandDemandEstimates(WASDE),aslightdecreasefromlastyear,,theydonotjustlookatcottonprices."Theylookatthecottonpricerelativetocompetingcrops,andtherereallywerentanyothergoodalternatives,"saidGaryAdams,presidentandCEOoftheMemphis,wordsattesttoBoddifordssituation."Idonthaveanyplanstochange,"thefarmersaid."Weve"[Photo/VCG]Principleofonecountry,twosystemsprotectsStatesovereignty,citysstabilityReturningtotheruleoflawistheonlywaytosolvethecurrentprobleminHongKong,aleadinglegislatorandlegalscholaronthemainlandsaidonThursdayasHongKong,buttherecentseriesofviolentincidentshasseriouslydamagedtheruleoflawandhurtthefeelingsofpeoplearoundthecountry,saidHanDayuan,amemberofHongKongBasicLawCommitteeundertheStandingCommitteeoftheNationalPeoplesCongress,thecountry,includingtheassaultsontwomainlandresidents,oneofthemareporter,,theHongKongpolicesaidonThursday."TheairportviolencewasanopenchallengetotheruleoflawandseriouslydamagedHongKongasasocietyundertheruleoflaw,"saidHan,alsoaprofessorattheLawSchoolofRenminUniversityofChinaanddirectoroftheuniversityslawinstituteonthe"onecountry,twosystems"principle."Facedwithsuchseriousviolenceandasplitsociety,theonlywaytosolvethecurrentproblemisfortheentiresocietytogetbackonthetrackoftheruleoflaw,"hesaid."IbelievethisisthebasicconsensusofthegreatmajorityofHongKongpeople."Hanemphasizedthattheprimaryaimoftheprincipleof"onecountry,twosystems"andtheBasicLawistosafeguardStatesovereignty,unityandterritoryintegrity,aswellastomaintaintheprosperityandstabilityofHongKong."AnyactstochallengeStatesovereigntyandunityaffectsthebottomlineoftheonecountry,twosystemsprinciple,"SARgovernmentcannotcontrolthesituation,atthecentralgovernmentletthePeopleepowertojudgeanddirectlyannounceanemergencystatusforHongKong,underwhichthePLAHongKonggarrisoncanperformitsdutiesaccordingly,,heemphasizedthattheseare"preventiveinstitutionalorlegalprovisions"inlaws,andactivatingsuchrulesneedstomeetatleasttwoconditions-thatsocialunresthasthreatenednationa,ChinasambassadortotheUnitedKingdom,saidonThursdaythatshouldthesituationinHongKongdeterioratefurtherintounrestthattheHongKonggovernmentcannotcontrol,thecentralgovernmentwillnotsitonitshandsandwatch."WehaveenoughsolutionsandenoughpowerwithinthelimitsoftheBasicLawtoquellanyunrestswiftly,",moreHongKongpeoplevoicedobjectionstotheescalationofviolenceatthecityentsontheirfrontpages,lactsupportingunrest,thestatementsaidthatthegovernmescultureandartsindustry,includingactressLizaWongMing-Chuen,"goingfarbeyondthebottomlineofacivilizedsociety".OnWednesday,NPCdeputiestshaveseriouslyunderminedthecorevslivelihoods,anddestroyedthegoodinternationalimageandreputationofHongKongssecurityandruleoflaw,sPoliticalConsultativeConference,thecountryspoliticaladvisers,calledforHongKonglaesandtheChinaEngineeringAcademyonWednesdayalsowarnedthatextremelyviolentactswilldestroyHongKong,KathyZhanginHongKong,andHanBaoyiinLondoncontributedtothisstory.

Protesterstargethigh-powerlaserpointersatpoliceofficersduringanillegalprocessioninTsimShaTsui,HongKong,,2019.(Photo/ChinaDaily)AHongKongactivistwhohasleftfortheUnitedStates,26,oneofthefoundersofHongKonglocalistpartyDemosisto,onAug14revealedonFacebookthathehadarrivedintheUStopursueaone-yearmaster,,whichhasurgedallthejuniorhighstudentstotakepartintheagitation,pla,Lawfacedabarrageofcriticism."HeisgoingtoYale,you(protesters),"i,themotherofan18-year-oldstudent."Themoveshowsthetruecolorsofthehypocriticalstudentleaderswhoputtheirinterestsfirstandnotcareabouttheothers,"sstrikeplanspa,executivepresidentofGuangdong-HongKong-MacaoGreaterBayAreaYouthAssociation,expressedhisdisgustatLawfor"usingHongKongyoungstersasasteppingstone",vice-presidentoftheChineseAssociationofHongKongandMacaoStudies,athinktankonHongKongaffairs,saidthereisevidencetoshowthatexternalforceswereassistingthel,hew,"OccupyCentral"sHighCourtasalawmakeroftheLegislativeCouncilin2017fornottakingtheoathproperly.

  Asenseofsecurityamongstacitysresidentsisregardedasoneofthemajorindicatorsofacityspublicsecurityandthegovernment:government,publicpolicy,effectiveadministration,individualBlueBookofPublicSenseofSecurity:ResearchReportonPublicSenseofSecurityinChinaCitiesin2018withtheChi:naturalenvironment,publicorder,foodsecurity,transportation,medicalandhealthcare,ecologicalsecurity,facilitiesinpublicplaces,yandgivessuggestionsonhowt,sperceptionofsecurity::

  thofinformationaboutChinesehistory,culture,,,2003,theWebsitebeganofferingcomprehensiveinformationservicesinbothChineseandEnglish,,MinistryofCultureandTourismofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaTheBureauofInternationalExchangeandCooperationisinchargeofforeignaffairsinculturalworkandculturalexchangeswiththeHKSAR,MacaoandTaiwan;makingpoliciesandregulationsforthiswork;signingculturalcooperationagreementbetweenChinaandforeigncountriesandcarryingoutannualexecutiveplanandplansforculturalexchangeprograms;conductingliaisonworkwithCulturaldepartmentunderChineseembassiesabroad;instructingtheworkofculturalinstitutionsintheHKSARandMacao;sRepublicofChinaMinistryofCultureandTourismisestablishedasadepartmentundertheStateCouncilresponsiblefortheadministrationofChina’:makingguidelinesforculturalandart-relatedpoliciesandprinciples,draftingculturalandart-relatedlawsandregulations;guidingthereformofculturalsystem,administratingculturalandartisticindustry,directingtheartisticcreationandproduction,supportingrepresentative,modelandexperimentalartsandculturalworks,administratingnationalimportantculturalactivities,responsiblefortheplanningandguidanceoftheconstructionofnationalkeyculturalfacilities,makingguidelinesforculturalmarketdevelopmentplans,guidingcomprehensivelawenforcementinculturalmarkets,exercisingsupervisionoverculturalandart-relatedcommercialoperations,aswellassupervisingtheStateAdministrationofCulturalHeritage.SixnewmedicinesforthetreatmentofmalignanttumorshavebeenapprovedtoentertheChinesemarketinthepasttwoyears,offeringmorechoicesforpatients,accordingtotheDepartmentofMajo,whichmeanstheyareinnovativewithnewstructuresandnewmslungcancer,breastcancer,rectalcancer,,onlyfivetype-1medicineswereapprovedinChinaoveraperiodof23years,whileatot,deputytechnicaldirectoroftheprojectandanacademicianoftheChineseAcademyofSciences,saidthenewmedicineshavefilledthegapofclinicaltreatmentinChina,andpromotedthereductionofthepriceofsimilardrugsinthemarket,providingaffordabledrugsandnewhopeforChinesepatients.

  HANGZHOU,(Xinhua)--Coloredpotteries,tombsandaskeletonwereexcavatedinaNeolithicsettlement,datingback9,000years,ineastChinasZhejiangProvince,tsettlementwasdiscoveredinaNeolithicsite,locatedinQiaotouVillageinthecityofYiwu,todayknownastheworld,anareaofabout2,,includingredandwhitepots,"Thisplacemighthavebeenavenueforsacrificialandceremonialeventsoftheancientresidents,"saidJiangLeping,ar,twotombsandacompletemaleskeletonunea,andfurtherinvestigatangshan,whichoriginatedinthelowerreachesoftheYangtzeRiver,China,withresearchersfindingevidenceofwildricecultivationinonesite.

  thofinformationaboutChinesehistory,culture,,,2003,theWebsitebeganofferingcomprehensiveinformationservicesinbothChineseandEnglish,,MinistryofCultureandTourismofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaTheBureauofInternationalExchangeandCooperationisinchargeofforeignaffairsinculturalworkandculturalexchangeswiththeHKSAR,MacaoandTaiwan;makingpoliciesandregulationsforthiswork;signingculturalcooperationagreementbetweenChinaandforeigncountriesandcarryingoutannualexecutiveplanandplansforculturalexchangeprograms;conductingliaisonworkwithCulturaldepartmentunderChineseembassiesabroad;instructingtheworkofculturalinstitutionsintheHKSARandMacao;sRepublicofChinaMinistryofCultureandTourismisestablishedasadepartmentundertheStateCouncilresponsiblefortheadministrationofChina’:makingguidelinesforculturalandart-relatedpoliciesandprinciples,draftingculturalandart-relatedlawsandregulations;guidingthereformofculturalsystem,administratingculturalandartisticindustry,directingtheartisticcreationandproduction,supportingrepresentative,modelandexperimentalartsandculturalworks,administratingnationalimportantculturalactivities,responsiblefortheplanningandguidanceoftheconstructionofnationalkeyculturalfacilities,makingguidelinesforculturalmarketdevelopmentplans,guidingcomprehensivelawenforcementinculturalmarkets,exercisingsupervisionoverculturalandart-relatedcommercialoperations,aswellassupervisingtheStateAdministrationofCulturalHeritage.Currentpolicypackagestrongenoughtocounterheadwinds,economistsaysChinahasnoimmediateneedofaggressivestimulustosupportgrowthunlesstradetensionswiththeUnitedStatesmorevisiblyweighongrowthmomentum,andgreaterpatienceandpolicypreparationareneedednowformarket-oriented,longer-termreformandopening-up,,macroeconomicpoliciesshouldalwaysbepreparedtosupporttheeconomy,especiallyifgrowthmomentumweakens,saidHuangYiping,deputydeanofPekingUniversitysNationalSchoolofDevelopmentandaformermemberofthecentralbank(overlyaggressive)macro-policesshouldbeavoidedandthereisnoneedtorepeat2009-typestimulationthistime,,includingexcessiveproductioncapacity,nFukuoka,Japan,overtheweekendanddiscussed,saidLiu,accordingtoastatementontheministryseconomyhasgenerallymaintainedstablegrowththisyear,andthecentralgovernmentwilltakeaseriesofsignificantmeasurestopromotehigh-qualityeconomicdevelopment,,whatarewegoingtodoinacoupleofyearsiftheglobaleconomysuffersgreaterdownturns,,governorofthePeoplesBankofChina,thecentralbank,saidonFridaythatinterestratesandreserverequirementratiosstillhaveplentyofroomforadjustment,,andthePBOCisnotinterveningintheforeignexchangeratemarket,rmmoneymarketrate,saidHuang,lendinganddepositratescanefficientlyandquicklyrespondtothechangesinthepolicyrates-thatissomethingweneedtoworkon,,thecentralbankurgedcommercialbankstoext,theRMBexchangeratewillbemoreflexible,,Huangsaidhethinksthecontrolshouldbeloosened,butthereare,themarketcoulddeterminetheRMBexchangerate,butifextremesituationsarise,thecentralbankcanexercisesomeinterventiontoprevents,thePBOCgovernor,saidthecurrentfiscalpolicypackageisstrongenoughtocounterheadwinds,evenifthesituationgetsalittleworse,,theunemploymentrate,ratherthantheGDPgrowthrate,,andIdon,it,particularlyasnowtradetensionsescalaterapidly,,hesaid,andforcelow-endmanufacturerstomoveoutmorerapidly,eservicessector,especiallylabor-intensiveservices,couldhelpmitigatethepressure,hesaid.

  WashingtonhasrecentofOsakainJune,andfurtherescalatedtradefrictionsbetweentheworld,tradehawksinWashingtonhaveunilaterallyprovokedtradefrictionswithChina,alnormsandris,,itisalsofightingfortrademultilateralismwiththeWorldTradeOrganizationatitscoreandafairenvironmentforglobaldevelopment,demonstratingastro,moreandmoredevelopingcountrieshaveactivelyparticipatedineconomicglobalization,,boostinvestmentworldwideandincreasethepurchasingpowerofthegrowingmiddle-classpopulations,thusfurthertappingthepotentialforglobalgrowth,sindustries,relyingontheirfinancialdominanceandtechnologicaledges,havestayedfirmlyattheupperendofthevaluechains,,withacollectiveriseofdevelopingcountriesandemergingmarkets,the,theworldslargestdevelopingcountry,issharingdevelopmentopportunitieswithcountriesthroughexpandingimportsandforeigninvestmentaswellastheBeltandRoadInitiative,lancedbenefitdistributionworldwide,,aColdWarmentalityhasledsomeinWashingtontoviewChinaepriveChinaofitsowndevelopmentrig,entrightsofthedevelopingcountries,andjointheminmakingabiggerpieofglobaldevelopment.

  百度Beijingplanstohavearound20,000electrictaxisbytheendof2020aspartofitseffortstofightairpollution,saidWangJianhua,daybyBeijingElectricVehicleCo.(BJEV),Chinaslargestnewenergyvehicle(NEV),thenewtaxiscanchangeitsbatteriesforfully-chargednewoneswithinthreeminutesatbatteryswapstations,,anditwillsetupover190powerchargingandbatteryswapstationsinthecitynextyear,saidZhangXiyong,generalmanagerofBeijingAutomotiveGroupCo.,,000taxiswithNEVsafterthemunicipalgovernmentissuedaplantocombatairpollutionin2018,,accordingtoXuYanhua,deputysecretary-generaloftheChinaAssociationofAutomobileManufacturers.

  ChinaisaimingtobuilditssouthernmetropolisofShenzhenintoa"globalmodelcitywithdistinguishedcompetitiveness,innovationcapabilityandinfluence"bymid-century,,releasedbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)CentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilonSunday,saysthatby2025Shenzhenshouldbecomea"moderninternationalcityofinnovation"withitsecon,itshouldbecomea"hubforinnovation,creativity,andentrepreneurship"aswellasasampleforChinatobuilda"greatmodernsocialistcountry"sGuangdongProvinceshouldplayaleadingroleinhigh-qualitydevelopmentandpositionitselfasademonstrationcityoftheruleoflaw,theguidelinestressed,callingforthecreationofa"stable,fair,transparentandpredictable"entlivelihoodsforitsresidentsandapioneerinpursuingsustainabledevelopment.FivepeopleinGuangdongProvinceinsouthernChinahavebeensentencedtoprison(监狱jiānyù)byacourt(法庭fǎtíng)inthecityofHeyuanformaking(制造zhìzào)andselling(销售xiāoshòu)firearms(枪支qiāngzhī),[Photo:ChinaPlus]Themaindefendant,surnamedCheng,wasarrested(逮捕dàibǔ)(调查diàochá),andthathehadbeenlegallygrantedapatent(专利zhuānlì)forthedesign(设计shèjì).Thefirearmsma[Photo:ChinaPlus]ButthePeoplesCourtofHepingCountyfoundthatthemenviolated(违反wéifǎn)Chinascriminallaw(法律fǎlǜ)重点词汇Keyword:非法illegal;èshìfēifǎde,kěnénghuìwéijítāréndeshēngmìng.这是非法的,可能会危及他人的生命。

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  第四届全国基层党建创新案例评选结果公布

 
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  图为广州南站P4共享汽车停车场设立的共享汽车充电桩。新华社记者 李 鑫摄

  节能减排,一直都是新能源汽车的标签。经过多年发展,我国新能源汽车从不同技术路线出发探索节能减排解决方案。无论纯电动、混合动力,还是增程式、氢燃料等技术,都从不同角度推动了新能源汽车动力系统的革新。未来,新能源汽车还要不断增强自身的安全性,提升环保性能,做好退役电池循环利用,更好地发挥节能减排作用——

  7月2日,“2019世界新能源汽车大会”在海南博鳌召开,社会各界再次将目光聚焦新能源汽车产业发展。

  经过多年发展,节能减排早已成为新能源汽车的标签。构建良好的生态环境、应对气候变化挑战,是新能源汽车产业发展的目的和使命。实现环保目标,需要通过各种技术路线使清洁能源落地。当前,纯电动、混合动力是新能源汽车的主要技术路线。同时,氢燃料电池、增程式等技术也让汽车动力系统步入多元化发展时代,新能源汽车产业始终从不同技术路线中汲取经验,探索节能减排、高效安全的最优选项。

  技术路线各有优劣

  “发展电动汽车的目的是实现节能减排。但事实上,很多新能源汽车节能减排效果并不好。”中国工程院院士杨裕生在中国电力企业联合会、中国氢能源及燃料电池产业创新战略联盟、中国能源报联合主办的“2019全球新能源汽车领袖峰会”上表示,在电力主要来自燃煤的情况下,节油但耗电的长里程纯电动车并不能减少排放。此外,插电式混合动力车自重、耗能高,近距离用电需充电,远距离用内燃机,节能减排效果不好;燃料电池用氢做能源,但氢能研发投资大,电池价格高、制作过程耗能高,膜、纸、泵、罐等材料或设备的国产化还有待推进。

  在杨裕生看来,纯电动车应以微、小型为突破口,大、中型汽车应重点发展增程式。据悉,微小型电动车的电能全部来自电网,电池少、安全性高,适应城市、乡镇交通普遍需求,价格便宜,容易推广。第三代增程式电动汽车的发动机,发电不必经过电池而直接驱动电动机,免除了充放电过程中的能量损耗,电池组用量可再减少,预计节油率大于60%。

  “尽管增程式电动汽车还需燃油,但如果我国汽车油耗降到一半以下,每年仍然可节省原油2亿吨。未来增程式发动机也可以不烧油,不增加二氧化碳排放。增程式电动汽车并不是向纯电动汽车的过渡,很可能是未来的主力。”杨裕生说。

  长远来看,氢燃料电池汽车也是新能源汽车的重要组成。加拿大国家工程院院士叶思宇认为,率先发展氢能大巴车和物流车是一条非常好的市场化路径,因为它们对加氢设施的需求相对集中,有利于做好前期准备工作。但是,氢燃料汽车进入民用领域还需经过更多考验。

  基础设施仍需完善

  事实上,无论哪种技术路线成为新能源车的主力,良好的基础设施建设布局都将是新能源汽车能否走远的关键。

  中电联标准化管理中心主任刘永东表示,当前汽车与充电桩的联系依然不足,发展大功率充电时,车不知道桩的平台状况、桩不知道车的型号规划,这对双方发展均有影响。如今,充电与电网之间的关系越来越重要,必须尽早提前布局,才能使新能源汽车和新能源更加紧密地结合起来。

  “基础设施建设需要让参与主体有利可图。”南方电网电动汽车服务有限公司董事长邹大中表示,这需要车辆运营企业和充电运营企业紧密配合,注重商业模式创新,提升充电桩增值服务,实现整体盈亏平衡。

  刘永东认为,标准是产业化进程中非常重要的一环,只有实现标准化,产业才能真正规范、有序、安全发展。但是,目前行业仍存在各行其是、不按标准办事等情况,由此带来了一系列问题。

  “在基础设施建设方面,必须紧跟国家政策。”长城汽车副总裁唐海锋认为,有了政策支持,车企、能源供应商、消费者等才能多方合作实现全民能源转型。“在政策引领的同时,也要进一步完善充电/加氢服务市场机制,破除行业准入壁垒,鼓励市场主体充分参与市场竞争。”国家能源局原副局长史玉波认为,要通过标准制定、技术研发、平台建设等,共同推动充电桩、充电站、售后服务站等配套设施建设。

  退役电池循环利用

  近年来,电动汽车厂商为了追求高续航,不断加大电池使用量,也增大了安全风险,电动汽车发展亟需更安全的新型电池。

  “电动汽车与动力电池必须强调安全第一。”杨裕生表示,电动汽车要发展,必须要实现市场化,减少电池用量、降低车价,不能为追求长里程多装电池,加大废电池的处置量。

  随着充电桩市场规模逐渐增加,电动车的电池组数量相应减少,用快充的办法增加里程或许是可行路径。“目前,石墨负极可以快放电但不能快充,钛酸锂电池可以快充也可以快放,但价格很高。因此,需发展高安全性、廉价的快充新型电池。”杨裕生说。

  当前,新能源汽车发展还面临两个主要问题。一是随着国家补贴政策退坡,整个产业的运营成本面临巨大压力;二是环保和安全问题,特别是大量退役动力电池的回收处理相对滞后。

  值得注意的是,目前中国铁塔股份有限公司正在与生态环境部、相关省市合作,共同推进新能源汽车动力电池回收利用工作。中国铁塔股份有限公司副总经理刘国峰说,一些面临退役的动力电池,虽不能继续满足新能源汽车的运行要求,但用在通信基站等其他领域仍有良好性能,是现有电池性价比的3倍至5倍。中国铁塔已通过大量实验,验证了新能源汽车退役动力电池在基站应用的可能性,下一步还将继续拓展其他应用。

  除了技术创新,创新商业模式对新能源汽车产业也很重要。“用户过去是自己购买电池、自行充电,成本高、不安全,现在有了共享电池租赁这一新模式。中国铁塔已在100座城市布局电池更换业务,建设智能换电站。用户只需在换电站扫码,即可换取一块充满电的电池,实现无限续航,这是推动新能源汽车发展的新动力。”刘国峰说。

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